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History?

Okay, posting this for a friend... >.>

Does anyone know any random things that happened in US history? Pre-1776, year/name of fact...

If you know any history nerds, link them?

*okay, it can be after 1776, but that stuff's more, like, important atm.

*is lame*

Comments

butterbuns
Sep. 6th, 2006 04:20 am (UTC)
1822
The first settlers found the colony of Liberia, for freed African American slaves returning to Africa. Over the 1820s, some 1,400 blacks immigrate from the U.S. to the colony.
Denmark Vesey slave revolt plot uncovered in Charleston, South Carolina, and conspirators executed.
South Carolina passes Negro Seamen Acts requiring imprisonment of black sailors while in port to prevent their inciting slave revolts. Similar acts later passed in Alabama, Louisiana, and Cuba.
Pedro Blanco, former Spanish slave-ship captain, establishes slave factory at Lomboko on the Gallinas River in present Sierra Leone

1825
The Antelope Case: The U.S. Revenue Cutter Dallas seizes a slave ship, the Antelope, sailing under a Venezualan flag, with a cargo of 281 Africans, claimed by Portuguese and Spanish owners, in international waters. The U.S. Supreme Court hears five days of arguments before packed courtrooms.
March 16: John Marshall delivers a unaminous opinion declaring the slave trade a violation of natural law, meaning it can be upheld only by positive law.
But the ruling sets only 80% of the Africans free. U.S. law by this point defined the slave trade as piracy, but the court held that U.S. could not prescribe law for other nations -- and noted that the slave trade was legal as far as Spain, Portugal, Venezuela were concerned. Vessel was restored. Those Africans designated as Spanish property (numbering 39) the court recognized as property and sold into slavery on behalf of claimants. Portuguese claims the court found shakier, setting those Africans free.

1827
Jim Pembroke, a slave in Maryland, escapes and begins making his way northward, where he will rename himself James W.C. Pennington and rise to prominence within the African-American abolition movement.

1829
David Walker, a free African-American, publishes Appeal to the Coloured Citizens of the World, a radical pamphlet attacking slavery and the colonization movement. The Appeal invokes the rhetoric and spirit of the American Revolution, demanding: "See your Declaration, Americans!!! Do you understand your own language?"
Copies of the Appeal soon begin turning up in Southern ports, probably secretly distributed by free African-American seamen.
A year later, Walker is found dead near the doorway of his shop in Boston.

1830
The first annual Convention of the People of Colour assembles in Philadelphia to organize African-American opposition to slavery and to discrimination in the free states.


1831
January 1: William Lloyd Garrison begins publishing the Liberator.

August 22: In Southhampton County, Virginia, Nathaniel Turner leads a small slave uprising that quickly spreads to neighboring plantations and within a few days kills some 60 whites before local militia contain the revolt. In reprisal, scores of slaves are interrogated, tortured, and killed by panicked slaveholders. Turner himself eludes captures for a few months, but is eventually jailed and executed.

December: The Virginia legislature begins debating emancipation -- the last viable movement for abolition coming from within a southern state until the Civil War.

1833
William Lloyd Garrison and others found the American Anti-Slavery Society.

Connecticut passes the “Black Law,” barring blacks from attending private schools outside their resident towns without permission from town leaders. In Canterbury, CT, Prudence Crandell, a white school teacher, is prosecuted several times under this law.

1834
An anti-abolitionist mob sacks the home of prominent New York abolitionist Lewis Tappan, part of a savage riot that also destroys the home and church of African-American Episcopal Reverend Peter Williams.

1836
May 25: in response to petitions calling on Congress to abolish slavery in the District of Columbia, the House of Representatives implements the “gag rule,” automatically tabling abolitionist petitions. The policy is repeatedly renewed over the coming years.